The Moai also known as the Easter Island heads are monolithic human figures located on Easter Island, which can be found on the east edge of the Polynesian triangle.They were carved by the Rapa Nui people between the years 1250 and 1500 AD.
No one really knows why the Rapa Nui undertook such a task, but it's suspected that these figures were carved in honor of their ancestors Chiefs and other important people.
The statues also seem to be purposely placed to face towards the village, making it appear that they were put there specifically to watch over the ancient civilization that created them. Yet there are seven Moai that face out to sea, which are believed to have been placed that way to help travelers find the island.
Today people from all around the world flocked to Easter Island to visit it's nearly 1,000 monumental statues. The island was even named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1995. While the remote Chilean island still has a population of nearly 8,000 people, it receives over a hundred thousand visitors each year.
Almost all of the Moai have oversized heads that are three eighths the size of the whole statue. We all thought that these sculptures were nothing more than giant heads for the longest time, but archaeologists recently revealed that the heads are attached to bodies that are buried underground.