It may now be common as an exercise habit, however, yoga started as a group of physical, mental, and spiritual regulation in old India. The word yoga is gotten from the Sanskrit word Yuj that implies to unite or to join together.
Through Yogic prayers, yoga leads to the union of individual consciousness with all global awareness, bring about the great harmony between the brain and the body, and man and nature. Yoga is presently a piece of UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage list.
Origin of Yoga
It started in the Indus-Saraswati civilization over 5,000 years ago. It was later streamlined and developed by Brahmin priests and sages and recorded in the Upanishads which include more than 200 prayers.
The Upanishads found the idea of ritual sacrifice and changed it, showed the teaching of the sacrifice of the ego through self-knowledge, action (karma yoga) and insight (jnana yoga). The Bhagavad Gita, written around 500 BC, is full of details regarding yoga. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali composed by Patanjali which became to be greatly well-known in the West. They were written in the first thousand years. Hatha yoga, another common yoga structure, have existed around the eleventh century and originated from Tantra.
Various types of Yoga
Yoga began as a combination of different ideas, beliefs, and techniques. Patanjali's Yoga Sutra first gave yoga an order. It describes the Raja yoga which is often known as classical yoga which contains an eight-limbed path that lists a series of steps and stages that lead towards samadhi or enlightenment.
Tantra yoga was later developed as a series of practices to make the body younger and to lengthen expectation of life. It includes advanced techniques to cleanse the body and mind. Yoga traveled to the West in the late 1800s and early 1900s, and it all started with Swami Vivekananda's speech at the 1893 Parliament of Religions in Chicago.
He spoke mostly about Raja yoga, which is referred to as the yoga of the mind, which is practiced through meditation and mental regulations. Vivekananda also spoke about the Eight-Limbed Yogic Path which has been expressed in the Yoga Sutras. These include yamas (restraint), niyamas (observances), asanas (postures), pranayama (breathing techniques), pratyahara (withdrawal of the senses), dharana (concentration), dhyana (meditation) and samaadhi.
The Hatha yoga (which concentrates on breathing and calming down the mind), the Vinyasa yoga (which is quicker paced and more wellness), the Bikram yoga (established by Bikram Choudhury, it is a type of hot yoga which is done in a hot environment to mimic the climate of India), the Ashtanga yoga (in view of six series of poses that raise in trouble, enabling you to work at your own pace) are terribly famous among yoga enthusiasts. Iyengar yoga, created by BKS Iyengar, the Kundalini yoga which is rationally and physically challenging and the Jivamukti yoga (which is a Vinyasa style of yoga) are famous likewise.